American Federalist/ Chippendale

With the American revolution coming to an end the colonies now become independent they look back to the Roman for politcal and architectural structure. as the American tried to gain their own identity they  start mix styles a mixture of Classical,Roman, and Georgian style creates the federalist style.
Savannah , GA
Boston, MA. St. Stephen’s Church

Boston, MA. State House

Bradford , CT

 

Chester Township

federalist chair

Chippendale Furniture:

 

interior

Late English Georgian

Short after losing the colonies England tries to reform under the leadership of Prime minister William Pitt. During this era England joins the rest of Europe in its quest of returning to the classics. The Industrial revolution makes it possible for new building techniques, it also enable the upper middle class to adopt new fashions and architectural styles. Robert Adam and Sir William Chambers are the leading Neoclassical designers in England. Thomas Chippendale styles influence the quality and elegance of furniture. Interiors have delicate colors, and classical ornamentation. Interior and exteriors are simple geometrical  shapes, style was elegant and simple like in the classical period. Young men continue to tour Europe studying architecture of Greco-Roman and Egyptian style.

Kenwood House

 

The Adelphi

Ceiling from Adelphi

Osterley Park

Model of interior in Ostery park

late Georgian mohogany

interior late Georgian

EARLY NEO-CLASSIC

The neo classical period is literally a return to the classics.With the discovery of cities like Pompeii student became interested with the Greco-Roman classics. The Neo-classical style started from  direct observation of the classical era. But unlike the designers of the Renaissance and Baroque era they didn’t inherit their style, instead they used techniques of the classical style to solve design problem. The neoclassical movement began in Rome, but quickly spread through and the Americas. 

Rosehill Manor, Maryland

 

US Capitol

St. Genevieve, Paris

 

Thomas Jefferson Monticello

Neo-Classical Secretary

Early Neo-Clasical chairs

Chaise

Italian Neoclassical

Interior

Modern Neo-Classical

Neo-Classical bedroom interior

American Georgian

The Georgian style was introduced to America through pattern books. The Georgian style spread quickly through the colonies. Upper class colonist felt in love with this style which focuses on symmetry and order. However, lowered class architecture was also influenced by the Georgian style. American Georgian architecture has several characteristic that make it easy to identify for example; Rectangular in shape, Door centered in the middle, Two chimneys on each side, Five windows in the front,and a  Medium stepped gable or hip roof.

Architectural characteristics

 

vassall craigie longfellow house

 

Derby House, Salem Mass., 1761

 

The Thomas Nelson House

 

reat Hall of Van Rensselaer Manor House, Albany, New York, 1765–69

 

Room from the Hart House, 1680

Interior

Interior

English Neo-Palladian and Georgian

The Georgian period refers to the time period in which the “Georges” ( George I- IV) were in power. During this era architects main interest was to return to the classics. The first half of the period is known as  Neo-Palladian. This era used the architectural style of Andrea Palladio hence the name neo-Palladian an Italian architect of the Renaissance time, Palladio developed his style from the Vitruvius four books of architecture which was a “description of practical system of design and proportion”. Neo-Palladian and Georgian architecture is classical architecture with a modern twist, the best examples of the Georgian style is the red brick house, with cornices of white stone and white-painted woodwork are the key elements of the Georgian style. New forms of public buildings emerge during this time such as banks, civic and government buildings.

Queensberry House by Giacomo Leoni

 

                                                    Queensberry House floor plan

Old Admiralty-Whitehall, London

The Bank of England, by Sir John Soane

 

Somerset House Strand

Georgian style

 

George II Mohagany library bookcase

George II Dolphin table

Rococo

Private home became the center of the new style called Rococo derived from french word rocaille ( pebble) refers to the small stones and shells used to decorate grotto interiors.  Shells were the principal motif of Rococo art. Rococ is primarily a style of interior design. The best example of rococo interior design is found in germany in the Amalienburg Nymphenburg palace. The Rococo era gave birth to famous painters such as Antoine Watteau.

Hall of mirrors

Winter palace, Russia

Arch bishop Palace , Czech RepublicCadiz Cathedral

Pilgramige to Cythera

Rococo motif, Vienna

Ottobeuren Basilika

Wieskirche, pilgrimage church

German Rococo interior

Rococo Commode

Rococo interior

Rococo Chair

Original Louis XV bed

Rococo furniture collage

European Baroque

 
 
 
The European Baroque being in Rome it was meant o be a celebration of the catholic church victory again the protestant. The catholic church was trying to attract new and bring back old followers by introducing this new dramatic style. Baroque architecture is interested in combining function and universality. Probably the most well-known and influential sculptor of this era is Gianlorenzo Bernini. Creating beautiful work of art like the Ecstasy of Saint Teressa.

Ecstasy of Saint Teresa

Vaux-le-Vicomte

Chateau de maison lafitteMarble court , Versailles

Room of the Bull's eye

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Interior of chapel, Versailles

Chapelle La chute des anges rebelles

Apollo Fountain, Versailles

Motif

Storage

Boulle console

Mazarin desk

Cup board

Modern Baroque

Girl with the Pearl Earing